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The Attraction of Impressionism

For many connoisseurs of art, the work of Impressionists is filled with airy, ephemeral and inexorably elements. What distinguishes their paintings is that they were able to capture an amazing moment which then for a long time remains in memory as a moment of the highest harmony. Impressionist are able to transfer this beautiful moment to a canvas, adding some tangible sensations and subtle vibrations which we feel looking at a painting. Even after viewing their artwork we have something like an aftertaste, a mood they create.

Impressionism in art

The objects of capturing in the work of impressionists are landscapes and scenes of urban life. The artists created them en plein air, i.e. outside using natural light. Most of the artists before the Impressionism movement only created their pieces in the workshops. That’s why the artwork of impressionists brought an element of novelty, freshness and revelation. Impressionists gazed intently at nature, trying to capture the slightest colors and shades. The foundation of their method used the elements of decomposition to  break complex tones into basic, simple colors. By doing this the artists obtained colorful and profound shades and volumes. Impressionists applied colors in separate strokes, mixing contrasting tones in one section of a picture. They achieved effect of vivid, flickering colors. In order to create deep and intense transitions of colors the masters employed colors that mutually reinforce each other such as red and green, blue and orange. These colors also created deep contrasts and play of shades.

Impressionism painting

Impressionism does not raise foundational philosophical and social problems. The main object of it is everyday life. The focal point of the artists are superficiality, movements, dynamics and moods. The paintings depict mostly joyful and positive life situations, leaving problems outside of the canvas. People in the paintings are caught during pleasant pastime or leisure, communicating with their friends. They take a walk in a park, boat, stroll, in another words they enjoy themselves.

The work of Impressionists has left a rich legacy in art. We have a chance to look at the work of genius artists in many museums and at art exhibitions. The masterpieces approach the matters of color solution and unconventional techniques. Impressionism expressed the desire to renew the artistic language and break with tradition as a protest against the painstaking technique of the masters of the classical school. And now we can all admire these magnificent works of outstanding artists.

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Art Styles

Top 5 Greatest Artists of All Time

The world is full of talents and artists. You will find the fine art works and some different type of art conveying messages about the life, emotion, spiritualism, and romance. The museums are full of those art works. You have the famous artist, musicians, and actors. In this article, we will discuss the top five great artists of all time. All of them have secured their place in the heart of the art lovers in the world.

1. Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci is one most popular name in the art industry. If you have a little idea about the artists and art, you might have heard about this great figure. He is the world’s greatest philosopher, thinker, and artist. Some of the great creation of this world-famous artist is “The Last Supper” and “The Mona Lisa”. The Mona Lisa is more popular and people still want to understand the expression of the lady. In addition to the art, he had deep knowledge of astronomy, mathematics, and anatomy. He was the reason behind the birth of the European Renaissance. He has made revolutionary changes in the ideas, art, and scientific discoveries.

2. Vincent Van Gogh

Vincent Van Gogh was exceptionally talented. He is known for his own spontaneous and instinctive style. He is popular for his contribution to the modern art. Some of his famous art works are the “The Starry Night”, “The Café Terrace at Night”, “Yellow House”, and “Sunflowers”. All of his works create a special impression about the different things of the universe that might be life, nature, and are the perfect expression of a particular emotion.

Rembrandt

3. Rembrandt

Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn is one of the great artists of all time. The Dutch master is very popular for the mysterious painting. He is also famous as a magician. His paintings are the expressions of the life, relationship, emotion, adventure. You might not be able to understand his art works without a deep knowledge of art. Some of his popular paintings are “The Jewish Bride”, “The Storm of the Sea of Galilee”, and “The abduction of Europa”. All these paintings say a different story.

4. Claude Monet

Claude Monet is also known for the modern art. He has always tried to express the different angles of nature on canvas in a spontaneous, vivid, unique, and vivacious style. He has many art works with different emotions including urban scenes and beauties of his garden. He loves nature and the life. Some of his famous paintings are “Soleil Levant”, “Haystacks”, “The willows”, “Waterlilies”, “Women in Garden”, and “Impression Sunrise”. In all these paintings, nature has expressed in a beautiful manner. If you love nature, you will certainly love his paintings. These are full of natural scenarios.

Michelangelo

5. Michelangelo

Michelangelo is one of the most influential western artists of all the time. He was a poet, architect, painter, and sculptor. Most of his paintings are the different expressions of human life. He mostly focused on the life and the relationship. Some of his famous paintings are David, Pieta, and Sistine Chapel. He had got the reputation of the divine Michelangelo’. He had never tried to hide his emotion and expressed them beautifully in his paintings.

Of course it is impossible to list all the greatest artists in such a brief article. Every time period, every art style has many genius artists who influenced the art and produced some of the greatest masterpieces of all time. In our future articles you can learn more about the world’s famous artists and their work.

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Artits

The Most Expensive Pieces of Art

Pieces of art and paintings in particular, are objects of desire for many collectors. With this, they can become a great object of investing. These two factors facilitate the growth of the cost of painting. What paintings have set records at public auctions and private bargaining?

“The Card Players”, Paul Cezanne

the card players, paul cesanne

A painting of French post-impressionist artist’s Paul Cezanne was sold on February 4, 2012 for more than $ 250. This painting was sold privately, so some of the sources do not include it in the official rating of the most expensive paintings. The buyers are the royal family of Qatar. Before that, the picture was owned by the Greek billionaire Georg Embirikos. He planned to sell it in the winter of 2011, shortly before his death.

The painting was written in 1895 and is, presumably, the last in a series of five works by Cezanne called “Card Players.”Working on this piece of Art Paul Cezanne was inspired by the painting of Caravaggio “Cardsharps,”.

The other four paintings are exhibited in the Metropolitan museum (New York), the d’Orsay Museum (Paris), the Courtois Gallery (London) and the Barnes Foundation (Philadelphia).

“Women of Algiers”, Pablo Picasso

Women of Algiers

At the auction Looking Forward To The Past, which Christie’s house held in New York on May 11, 2015, the canvas of Pablo Picasso ” Woman of Algiers” (Version O) set a new world record with a result of $ 179 million.

In 1954-1955 the year Pablo Picasso wrote 15 versions of “Women of Algiers” (Les femmes d’Alger) based on the famous painting by Eugene Delacroix in 1834. He worked in Paris, in his workshop in the street of the Great Augustinians. The canvases were called identically and bore the letters from A to O. Version O is the most famous. It was already sold at auction in November 1997. The painting was bought then by British art dealer Libby Howe for an unknown collector for $ 31.9 million.

“Nu Couché”, Amedeo Modigliani

Nu Couche

Italian artist Amedeo Modigliani created the painting in 1918, commissioned by his friend, the poet Leopold Zborowski. When the painting and the other artist’s works were shown at an exhibition in Paris, there was a big scandal and the exhibition was closed in a few hours because of the indecency of the canvases. On November 10, 2015 “Nu Couché ” was purchased at auction Christie’s in New York for $ 170.4 million by a collector from China, Liu Yiqian in just 9 minutes bargaining with five applicants.

“Three Studies of Lucian Freud”, Francis Bacon

Three Studies of Lucian Freud

On November 13, 2013 at Christie’s auction in New York, the triptych of the British impressionist Francis Bacon “Three studies of Lucian Freud” was sold for a record sum at public auction for the history of auctions for that time $142.405 million. The triptych was exhibited for the first time at an auction. Bidding between seven applicants lasted only 6 minutes.

This triptych, painted in 1969, depicts the artist’s friend British artist Lucian Freud in a white shirt with rolled up sleeves, sitting on a stool on a bright yellow background in free casual poses. Bacon and Freud were friends since 1945 and often wrote portraits of each other.

After the exhibition in the Parisian Grand Palais (1971-1972), the triptych was divided into three separate panels. And it was reconnected almost 15 years later.

“Number 5”, Jackson Pollock

Number 5

In 2006, at the auction “Sotheby’s” the painting of the famous American abstractionist Jackson Pollock “No.5” was sold for $140 million. David Giffen, a famous film producer and collector, sold it to Mexican financier David Martinez.

In 1947 Pollock invented a new technique of painting – spreading huge canvases on the floor and spraying paint from the brushes, without touching the brushes to the surface of the canvas. The author called it “pouring technique”. The painting “No. 5” was written in 1948 in this unique technique.

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Pieces Of Art

The World’s Greatest Art Museums

Museums are an ideal place for those who are interested in history and culture. Nowadays, the world’s greatest museums offer a lot of interactive and interesting entertainment that can allow you to reveal the secret of history with your own unique way. In this collection we represent museums, which are the most famous and recognizable sights in the world.

Louvre

The Louvre – is the national museum of France, one of the most visited museums in the world and the third largest in the world. In addition, the Louvre is one of the first European museums. The museum is located in the center of Paris, on the right bank of the Seine. The basis of the Louvre is the fortress of the King of France, Philip II Augustus, built in the late 12th century. As a museum, the Louvre opened to visit in 1793, during the French Revolution. The most famous masterpieces of the Louvre are the Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci, the ancient Greek sculptures of Venus de Milo and Victory of Samothrace.

The National Gallery of Art (National Gallery of Art) is an art museum located on the National Mall in Washington, DC.  The gallery contains one of the best museum collections in the world, including works of art by European and American masters: paintings, graphics, sculptures, watercolors, photographs, a collection of porcelain and objects of decorative and applied art.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art was founded by a group of American businessmen, artists and thinkers on April 13, 1870. The museum’s collection took its beginning with 174 paintings from three European private collections. The Metropolitan Museum was first opened to the public in 1872 at 681 Fifth Avenue. In 1873 the museum moved to the Douglas mansion. Finally, in 1880 the museum took its current location – in the Central Park on Fifth Avenue (from 80th to 84th Street).

The Uffizi Gallery – one of the most famous museums of painting and sculpture in the world, is located on the Uffizi square in Florence. Its collection of paintings includes recognized masterpieces of all time, including the works of Giotto, Simone Martini, Piero della Francesca, Fra Angelico, Filippo Lippi, Botticelli, Mantegna, Correggio, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo and Caravaggio. It also exhibits works of German, Dutch and Flemish masters, such as Durer, Rembrandt and Rubens.

hermitage

The State Hermitage Museum – one of the largest museums in the world, it has a collection of about three million works of art. The Hermitage collection includes paintings, graphics, sculpture and objects of applied art, archaeological finds, numismatic material, and a gallery of jewelry.

The Prado Museum is one of the largest museums. It represents a collection of paintings, sculptures, arts and crafts, as well as world masterpieces by masters of Spanish, Italian, Flemish and other European art schools.

The British Museum, founded in 1753, is the first national public museum in the world and one of the largest museums on the planet. The museum building occupies an area equal to the area of 9 football fields. The number of visitors during the museum’s existence has increased from 5000 a year in the eighteenth century to almost 6 million today.

Egyptian Museum exhibits the world’s largest collection of ancient Egyptian art. The history of the museum began in 1835 with instructions from the Egyptian government to arrange an exhibition of exhibits belonging to the government with the aim of preventing their looting. The building of the current museum in neo-classical style was built in 1900 according to the design of the French architect Marcel Dourgnon. The museum collection contains over 120,000 works of Egyptian art from the prehistoric era to the Greco-Roman period.

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Museums

A Brief Review On Art Styles

The styles of visual arts are countless. Often they do not have any expressed boundaries and can seamlessly move from one to another, while being in continuous development, opposition and blending. Most art styles coexist at the same time and for this reason there are almost no “pure styles”. We present you the most popular styles of painting.

Gothic style. Was formed in Western and Central Europe in the XII-XV centuries. It was the result of the centuries-old evolution of medieval art, its highest stage and at the same time the first ever European international artistic style. It covered all kinds of art – architecture, sculpture, painting, stained-glass windows, book decorations, and crafts. The basis of the Gothic style was the architecture, which is characterized by ascending arches, multicolored stained-glass windows, visual dematerialization of the form.

renaissance

Renaissance – a period in the cultural and ideological development of a number of countries in Western and Central Europe, as well as some countries in Eastern Europe. The main distinguishing features of the culture of the Renaissance are: secular character, a humanistic worldview, reference to the ancient cultural heritage, a sort of its “revival”. The culture of the Renaissance has specific features of the transition period from the Middle Ages to the new times, in which the old and the new, interwoven, form a new mix.

Mannerism – (from Italian maniera – manner) a style in European art of the XVI century. Representatives of Mannerism departed from the Renaissance harmonic perception of the world, the humanistic conception of a man as the perfect creation of nature. Acute perception of life was combined with a program aspiration according to which an artist did not follow nature and expressed the subjective “inner idea” of the image that is born in the artist’s soul. Italian Mannerism of the 1520s. (Pontormo, Parmigianino, Giulio Romano) is characterized by dramatic sharpness of images, the tragedy of the world view, the complexity and exaggerated expression of postures and motifs, the elongation of proportions of figures, coloristic and black and white dissonances.
Baroque – a historical artistic style, which widely spread in Italy in the middle of XVI-XVII century, and then in France, Spain, Flanders and Germany XVII-XVIII centuries. More broadly this term is used to determine the ever-renewing tendencies of a restless, romantic worldview, thinking in expressive, dynamic forms. Baroque period is a stage characterized by the highest creative uplift, the tension of emotions.

Classicism – artistic style in Western European art of XVII – early XIX century and in the Russian XVIII – early XIX century. It forms a reference to the ancient heritage as an ideal for imitation. It manifested itself in architecture, sculpture, painting, arts and crafts. Classicism artists considered antiquity to be the highest achievement and made it their standard in art, which they sought to imitate. Over time, he was re-born into academicism.

Romanticism – a style in the European and Russian art of the 1820s-1830s, which replaced the classicism. Romantics emphasized the individuality, contrasting the “ideal” beauty of the classicists with “imperfect” reality. The artists were attracted by bright, rare, extraordinary phenomena, as well as imaginative images. A great role in the art of romanticism is played by acute individual perception and experience. Romanticism freed art from abstract classical dogma and turned it to national history and folkloric images.

Realism is a style in art, striving to display both the external form and the essence of phenomena and things with the greatest truth and reliability. As a creative method combines individual and typical features in the creation of the image. This style is the longest in time existence developing from the primitive era to our days.

Symbolism – a style in the European artistic culture of the late XIX-early XX centuries. Symbolism emerged as a reaction to the domination of the norms of bourgeois “sanity” in the humanitarian sphere (in philosophy, aesthetics-positivism, and art-naturalism) in the French literature of the late 1860s and 70s, later spread in Belgium, Germany , Austria, Norway, Russia. The aesthetic principles of symbolism largely derived from the ideas of romanticism, as well as to certain doctrines of the idealistic philosophy of A. Schopenhauer, E. Hartmann and others. Symbolism contrasted the world of visions and dreams to reality. A universal tool for understanding the mysteries of being and individual consciousness was considered to be a symbol engendered by poetic insight and expressing the otherworldly meaning of phenomena hidden from ordinary consciousness. The artist was regarded as a mediator between the real and the supersensible, finding “signs” of world harmony, prophetically guessing the signs of the future both in modern phenomena and in the events of the past.

impressionism

Impressionism – style in the art of the last third of the XIX – early XX century, which arose in France. Impressionism claimed the beauty of the real world, emphasizing the freshness of the first impression, the variability of the surrounding. Impressionism had a powerful impact on the art of European countries and the United States. (E. Manet, E. Degas, O. Renoir, C. Monet, A. Sisley and others)

Modern – art style in European and American art of the end of XIX-beginning of XX centuries. It contemplated and stylized features of different periods worked out own artistic device based on the principles of asymmetry and decoration. Natural forms also became objects of modern stylistic. This explains the interest to vegetable ornaments and also their composite structure – the abundance of curvelinear forms, uneven contours resembling vegetable shapes.

Avant-gardism is the name that unites a number of artistic trends prevalent in the 1905-1930’s. (Fauvism, Cubism, Futurism, Expressionism, Dadaism, Surrealism). All these styles are united by the desire to update the language of art, to rethink its tasks, to gain freedom of artistic expression.

Primitivism is the deliberate simplification of pictorial means, imitation of primitive stages in the development of art. This term denotes the so-called naive art of artists who did not receive a special education, but involved in the overall artistic process of the XIX – early. XX century. The works of these artists have a peculiar childishness in the interpretation of nature, a combination of a generalized form and small literalism in details. Primitivism of form does not predetermine the primitiveness of content. It often serves as a source for professionals who have borrowed forms, images, methods from folk, essentially primitive art.

cubism

Cubism – style in the first half of the twentieth century. The language of cubism was based on deflation and the spread of ideas on a geometric flatness, the plastic shift of the form. Cubism was born on 1907-1908 – the eve of the First World War. The undisputed leader of this trend was the poet and publicist G. Apollinaire. This style was one of the first to embody the leading trends in the further development of 20th century art. One of these trends was the dominance of the concept over the artistic self-worth of the picture.

Surrealism – the flow in literature, painting and cinema, emerged in 1924 in France. It greatly contributed to the formation of the consciousness of modern man. Surrealism expressed the idea of existence beyond the limits of the real; the absurd, unconscious, dreams become especially important here. One of the characteristic methods of the surrealist artist is a detachment from conscious creativity, which makes it an instrument in various ways extracting bizarre images of the subconscious, related to hallucinations.

Pop-art – as an art style emerged approx. at 1950s in the UK and later in America. The main theme of pop art is ordinary subjects. It focuses on vulgar and banal elements of any culture, as a rule, ironically. Pop art is quite popular in various aspects of mass art: comics, advertising, etc.

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Art Styles